Health Care: Mental health

Read and respond to each peer initial post with 3-4 sentence long response

Peer #1

For the Research Assignment, I have chosen to focus on an area of Healthcare that rarely gets the attention it deserves.Mental health.  I chose this topic because I am personally effected by it and so are many millions of Americans. Mental illness is also one of the leading causes of death in our nation and one life is lost as a result of suicide, abuse or incarceration every 17mins in the United States. Mental illness has been my area of focus throughout this program and the advocacy and participatory philosophy will be useful for the final project because it suggests that  “ that research inquiry needs to be intertwined with politics and a political agenda” (Creswell, p.9). I do believe that mental health has a specific agenda for a study and that there has been constant aim for reform in healthcare and mental health. This social issue is definitely pertinent right now and topics that address it such as “empowerment, inequality, oppression, domination, suppression, and alienation” (Creswell, p.9), and are really the focus of the study. The goal of this project for me, is to provide a voice to participants and give them the ability address the concerns that will lead to reform.

According to Kemmis and Wilkinson (1998) this philosophy offers four key features of the advocacy/participatory framework of inquiry:

1. Participatory actions are focused on bringing about change, and at the end of this type of study, researchers create an action agenda for change.

2. It is focused on freeing individuals from societal constraints, which is why the study begins with an important issue currently in society.

3. It aims to create a political debate so that change will occur.

4. Since advocacy/participatory researchers engage participants as active contributors to the research, it is a collaborative experience.

Research Problem Statement

My Vision is to Provide members of the community with the opportunities and education needed to prevent death due to suicide, acts of self-harm and the traumatic impact of mental illness. By promoting resilience, the enhancement of community resources, conflict resolution and support for individuals, families and the communities of those who suffer with mental disorders, illness or have a sudden mental health crisis. The target population includes all individuals within Chatham County, with unmet mental health needs.  These individuals are currently not being served by traditional methods due to financial, structural, and personal barriers including access and stigma. Untreated mental health  issues of these individuals put them at risk for exacerbation of physical health problems, suicide attempts, premature moves to long-term care settings, and psychiatric hospitalization, incarceration, residential alcohol/drug treatment or homelessness. The target population is all individuals within Chatham County, with unmet mental health needs.  These individuals are currently not being served by traditional methods due to financial, structural, and personal barriers including access and stigma.  Program recipients will be any child with parental consent or adult who many be in need of treatment for mental illness.   The untreated mental health  issues of these individuals put them at risk for exacerbation of physical health problems, suicide attempts, premature moves to long-term care settings, and psychiatric hospitalization, incarceration, residential alcohol/drug treatment or homelessness.

There are too many challenges faced as a result of not being diagnosed, treated and having a lack of psychosocial support. It is clear that the relationship between wrongful incarceration of the mentally ill and homelessness, is a result of the failure to receive and maintain mental health treatment. The Lack of community education and resources has resulted in a decline in physical health, personal losses, reduced independence, and financial burdens for many individuals with mental illness.  Many people see mental illness as a taboo topic, an unrealistic issue, spiritual warfare or something to avoid. When in fact they may be exhibiting symptoms of undiagnosed and untreated depression and mental illness at earlier points in life than initially recognized.  Misconceptions by providers, family, and seniors themselves result in failure to refer individuals for diagnosis and treatment that in turn can lead to serious consequences for those which can include the following:

Increased risk of suicide

Increased risk for both psychiatric and medical hospitalization

Premature placement in nursing homes

Exacerbation of physical problems

Alcohol and/or drug abuse or dependence

Incarceration

Homelessness

This issue can be addressed by providing various informational programs through the existing Mental Health Outreach Services, Case management and government training and community education suffering with mental illness. Mental health screenings will been provided at several community sites with the health of the Coastal Health District and the County Health Department.  These community presentations have provided an opportunity to ask members of the target population, family members, and service providers for input about the need for mental health and substance abuse treatment services for both at every stage of lifespan development. It is important to address this issue to prevent the wrongful incarceration and preventable death of those with mental illness within the community.

References

Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods

Approaches. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications

retrieved 4/17/17 .

Kemmis, S., Wilkinson. M. (1998). Participatory Action Research and the Study of Practice. In

B.  Atweh. S. Kemmis, & P. Weeks (Eds.), Action Research

in Practice: Partnerships for Social Justice in Education (pp.21-36).

New York: Routledge retrieved

4/17/17.

Peer #2

Health Care

Healthcare has a wide range of treatment measures and approaches that can restore the physical health, mental health, or emotional well-being of a patient by a trained professional. Trained professional are categorized into different classes depending on their area of specialty, and the type of diseases/illnesses they deal with (Holloway, 2016).

Healthcare has several components that are integrated to make up an effective operation. Some these components include health care systems, health care reforms, and healthcare insurance. The three components are very important because they highlight the critical areas in health care that need critical attention and optimum service output.

Health care systems are elements that work together to deliver services to communities. Healthcare systems include various aspects which include hospitals systems, patient care, and public health programs. Hospitals systems include public hospitals, non-profit hospitals, and private hospitals. Public hospitals are owned and get their funds from local, state, and the federal government. Non-profit hospitals are often owned by the community and are linked with religious associations (Lawton, 2002. The main aim of these organizations is to provide healthcare services to the community. Investors own private hospitals, and their main aim is to get a lot of profits.

Healthcare systems cannot work without the intervention of specialized personnel. Some of the personnel who are involved in healthcare services include doctors, nurses, physicians, dentists, therapists, technologists, technicians, and supporting staff.

Healthcare systems cannot work well without some regulation and order. As such, there has to be ethics and laws which govern the activities and behavioral conduct of the employees in the healthcare facilities. According to ethics, it is very mandatory to adhere to patient’s rights.  As such, the patients are entitled to accurate and easy information which they can read and understand regarding their health and healthcare providers. The patients also have a right to choose providers and plans that provide access to high-quality healthcare.

Philosophical View on Mental Health

The philosophy of mental health, which is also known as the “new philosophy of psychiatry” is a rapid field developed by philosophers and the users of mental care services. This philosophical view establishes a set of inter-linked problems with familiar solutions. Thus, the philosophical accounts, methods, and theories can be applied in a psychiatric scenario or situation, and thus, it acts as an evaluation method to those accounts (Knaup, 2009). For instance, symptoms such as thoughts insertion challenge accounts of the everyday ownership of thoughts.

Contrary to other types of philosophy, philosophy of psychiatry can have a genuine impact on practice. It is a philosophy of mental care. It gives the basic tools that one needs to understand contemporary issues and the mental health care more broadly. Therefore, it is not merely a virtual area of thought and research, but it also helps in understanding the concepts, principles, and values that are essential in day to day thinking.

The rationale for healthcare topic.

Healthcare has a wider range of issues and components that are involved in the medical field. In this process, there are a lot of activities that are undertaken to cure different illnesses and mental disorder. Therefore, I chose the topic to explore more issues and solutions that are involved with mental illnesses in different age-groups of people.

Research problem statement

Mental health care is a health care concern which has a wider perspective of the disorders experienced by different individuals. Therefore, the research will be discussing the impacts of mental illness on individuals’ social life.

References

Holloway, I., & Galvin, K. (2016). Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley & Sons.

Lawton, R., & Parker, D. (2002). Barriers to incident reporting in a healthcare system. Quality and safety in health care, 11(1), 15-18.

Knaup, C., Koesters, M., Schoefer, D., Becker, T., & Puschner, B. (2009). Effect of feedback of treatment outcome in specialist mental healthcare: meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 195(1), 15-22.

 

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