primary sources

Briefly summarize and analyze two primary sources, identifying their intended audience, purpose, context in which they were produced (what was happening at the time), and their overall historical significance (why it is important). Once you have analyzed the documents, discuss how they relate to each other. For example, do they reveal different perspectives or change over time?

The purpose of this is to go deep into a piece of material and engage with the historians’ craft of how to interpret pieces of the past. This is not a right/wrong type of paper. This is your interpretation based on what you know. The paper needs to have a strong thesis statement supported by quotes from the primary source with a conclusion that sums it up.

The paper should be 2 – 3 pages


Hunter-Gatherer and Agricultural Societies

Hunting and Warfare – Cave Paintings

Çatal Hüyük City Plan

Code of Hammurabi


Herodotus: On the Kings of Sparta

Accounts of the Hellenic Games

Plato: The Republic


The Roman Way of Declaring War

The 12 Tables

Strabo: The Grandeur of Rome

Late Antiquity and the Emergence of Islam

Sidonius Apollinaris: A Civilized Barbarian and Barbarian Roman

The Prophet Muhammad’s Last Sermon

The Qu’ran 1, 47


Pope Gregory the Great: Succession to Tenant Holdings on Church Land

Æthelwulf, King of Wessex: Grant of a Tenth of Public Land

Canute the Great: The Granting of Fiefs

The Crusades

Gregory VII: Call for a Crusade [First Crusade]

Eugene III: Summons for a Crusade [Second Crusade]

The Decline of Christian Power in the Holy Land

Richard the Lion-Hearted Conquers Cypress

The Middle Ages

Gregory of Tours: The Harsh Treatment of Serfs and Slaves

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales: The Prologue to the Wife of Bath’s Tale

The Renaissance and Discovery

Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince [excerpts]

The Book of the Courtier [Excerpt]

The Life of Leonardo da Vinci

Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal

Sir Francis Drake’s Famous Voyage Around the World


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